Category Archives: Case of the Month

Cystoid Macular Edema (CME) – September, 2022

History: A 78-year-old woman who was an established patient returned for her annual eye exam. Her past ocular history was significant for mild non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy, dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and uncomplicated cataract surgery 3 years ago. The patient noted worsening blurry vision for the past several weeks. Her past medical history was significant… Read More »


Foveal Cavitation – August, 2022

History: A 65-year-old female presents as a new patient referral for decreased vision. She has complaints of difficulty seeing at a distance for some time and feels like she needs stronger glasses. She has a history of radial keratotomy in both eyes about 20 years prior. She has no significant past medical history and takes… Read More »


Angioid Streaks – July, 2022

History: A 50-year-old woman was referred by an Optometrist for macular changes in both eyes. She had been followed for a retinal condition that her sister also has since her early 20s. The patient has noted distorted vision in her left eye for about 2-3 weeks. Her past medical history was significant for asthma. Other… Read More »


Toxoplasmosis Chorioretinitis – June, 2022

History: A 41-year-old Jamaican man presented to our clinic for evaluation of new floaters in the left eye. He described having such floaters intermittently in both eyes over a period of 5-10 years, sometimes associated with a dull ache. This time, the floaters were blurring his vision in the left eye, though the right eye… Read More »


Stargardt Disease – May, 2022

History: A 32-year-old woman was referred by an optometrist for macular changes in both eyes. She noted intermittent mild blurriness she attributed to dryness but was otherwise asymptomatic. Her past medical history was significant for migraines. She denied any family history of any ocular diseases. Review of systems was non-contributory. Exam: Her visual acuity was… Read More »


Multifocal Choroiditis and Panuveitis (MFCPU) – April, 2022

History A 54-year-old woman presented to our clinic for evaluation of possible age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with choroidal neovascular membrane of the left eye. The referring physician recommended injecting the left eye with anti-VEGF injections to treat wet AMD. The patient had noted intermittent blurry vision of the left eye for a few months, with… Read More »


Pentosan Maculopathy – March, 2022

History A 75-year-old woman was referred by her ophthalmologist for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with new subretinal fluid in the left eye. She noticed metamorphopsia starting 5 days prior. Her past medical history was significant for interstitial cystitis for which she took Pentosan polysulfate sodium (Elmiron). Review of systems was non-contributory. Exam Her visual acuity… Read More »


Chorioretinal Colobomas – February, 2022

History A 41 year-old female patient presented from optometry for a central visual field defect in the left eye. The patient described a slow, progressive loss of vision in the left eye over many years. She had a retinal detachment of the right eye that was repaired many years ago with vitrectomy and scleral buckling.… Read More »


Posterior Scleritis – January, 2022

History A 21-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with right eye pain, right temporal visual field “haziness” and headaches. She felt a pulling sensation on her eye with extraocular movements. She was otherwise healthy. On review of systems, she noted a single episode of hematuria.  Around the same time, she developed a facial rash… Read More »


Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease (VKH) – December, 2021

History A 33-year-old Hispanic male presented to our retina and uveitis specialist after self-referring due to blurry vision that was not improving despite antibiotic therapy initiated by an outside doctor. The patient had symptoms of blurry vision in the left eye followed by the right eye starting 5 weeks prior. He was started on topical… Read More »